There's no getting away from it. If you earn an income you will generally need to pay tax. But a "taxpayer" can also be another "entity", like a business. And if that entity also earns income, it will generally need to pay tax as well.Taxes are a way of making sure that the government is able to provide facilities, infrastructure and services for the community. Without tax, many parts of our society wouldn't function. Services like libraries, public health and hospitals, schools, swimming pools, national parks, our defence force, roads and social security allowances are all funded through taxes.